Summary - TST 38


TST 38

Doralice SÁTYRO e Elizângela JUSTINO

The railways in the Brazilian Northeast: an analysis of the intra-urban and regional centrality of Campina Grande-PB (Brazil)

Key Words: railways, regional-urban space; city center; Campina Grande

[ Abstract ]

The railways make up a technical yet representative element of the impulse given to industrialization and urbanization in the 19th century. In Brazil, the railways were implemented effectively only in the beginning o the 20th century. We analyze the railways of Campina Grande city, in the Brazilian semi-arid. This railway, as other built in the country’s interior, had the main function of carrying the livestock other farming products, but we argue here that it had a major impact as a urbanization of Campina Grande, as well as it was the reason why this city became a regional center of importance. This is research, thus, has two geographical scales: urban and regional, or “intra” and “inter” urban. Our main sources are the relates and reports of the presidents of the province or state of Paraiba, as well as the official reports of the Industry, Road and Public Works and the Statistics of the Iron Roads.