Summary - TST 33

TRANSPORTES, SERVICIOS Y TELECOMUNICACIONES


TST 33

Rafael ALCAIDE GONZÁLEZ

Hygienism and its involvement in the development of the legal framework of public transport in Spain (1848-1936)

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Key Words: Hygienism, railway transport, health legislation, health railway police.

[ Abstract ]

Legislation on hygiene and health protection in public transport had its origin in the hygienic doctrine, also known as hygienism; a scientific current that originated and developed in central Europe, spreading the rest of Europe and the British Isles during the late eighteenth century and came to Spain from the hand of the erudite teaching of Ignacio Ruiz de Luzuriaga and Mateo Seoane during the first decades of the 19th century. The hygienism, which was developed in Spain during the 19th century by developing a very complex legislative body, incorporated in practice, all implicit aspects in the development of private and public life of people. No vital process escaped hygienic control, both prevention as treatment of diseases and epidemics, which were analyzed from a new perspective, incorporating the social treatment of the disease from an eminently urban approach.