Summary - TST 12


TST 12

Mónica Ferrari
El patrimonio ferroviario en el noroeste argentino. Tipologías arquitectónicas y asentamientos urbanos ferroviarios

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Key words: Historical heritage; Argentina; railway architecture; railway settlement.

[ Abstract ]

In the Argentine Northwest, the railways were developed between 1876 and 1944.  From the arrival of the railroad important changes happened in existing towns and cities. In almost all the establishments related to the railroad appeared new urban functions, modern buildings for the stations, and a structure of new streets. New types arose from urban establishments like the sugar towns and the railway towns. With the train arrived the technology of the industrial revolution that allowed the rising and automation of several sugar manufactures and the necessity of greater amounts of railways that linked up the extractive productive and consumption centers. The architecture and railway engineering that accompanied rails were part of an indivisible system where each component element developed a specific function with certain characteristics. They constitute the most valuable earth patrimony, buildings and infrastructure. The railway system involved the development of different architectonic and engineering type that today allow an integral reading of the way to construct railroader and the architectonic atmosphere. Today, this patrimony is in serious risk by the absence of a collective conscience and the nonexistence of a coherent policy for its preservation and sustainable development.