Summary - TST 39

TRANSPORTES, SERVICIOS Y TELECOMUNICACIONES


TST 39

Urtzi LLANO CASTRESANA

The railway and the neo-basque architecture



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Key Words: architectural Railway Heritage, Regionalism, Neo-Basque, Development and Influences.


[ Abstract ]

The end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th are characterized by a wide range of architectural styles and options that could be summarized in an open conflict between the form and the function of which the railway architecture becomes their greatest exponent. In a historicist, post-Romanesque context, with an evident ‘Revival’ influence, the first regionalisms based on the characteristic features of the constructive tradition of the territory and its aesthetic arise in the State, giving way to a style in the North-Eastern zone known as the neo-Basque. This style, will allow interesting exercises of adaptation of the typologies based on this style to the railway world. These will involve the consolidation of the neo-Basque style also as a railway style. This article aims to analyze the incidence and the evolution that the neo-Basque style has had in the railway architecture, since its origins until its expansion beyond the limits that could firstly mark the influence area of this style. Furthermore, this work aims to provide a wider and a more complementary vision of the style, exposing some aspects for which both the neo-Basque railway architecture.