Summary - TST 38

TRANSPORTES, SERVICIOS Y TELECOMUNICACIONES


TST 38

Magda de AVELAR PINHEIRO

Railways, cities, and stations in Portugal, From the end of the XIXTH Century to the 21ST Century

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Key Words: railway stations, urban decentralization, automobile traffic, planning.


[ Abstract ]

This article aims to relate the construction of railway stations and urban planning theories and practices. It also aims to look for the place of railway stations in modern urban planning taught in schools under the influence of the Garden City movement. It also searches for the place of railways stations in the urbanistic ideals of the architects organized in the International Congresses of Modern Architecture. In post-world War II the New Towns aimed to combine modernism and Garden-City, giving a central place to railway stations. The railway stations gained new functions and new architectural models, especially in the Villes-Nouvelles of Paris. Seeking a comparative approach, the aim is to the study the Portuguese case from the end of nineteenth century until the beginning of the XXI century.