Summary - TST 18


TST 18

Francisco Javier Muñoz Hernández
El tren de posguerra. Las estaciones ferroviarias y la definición de una nueva imagen urbana en Bilbao

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Key Words: Railway stations; Urban development; Architecture; The Franco period.

[ Abstract ]

Following the end of the Civil War, the State had to deal with the reconstruction, construction and reorganization of productive and energy sectors, in addition to infrastructures and the most basic services which were undertaken from the General Directorate of Devastated Regions and the Ministry of Public Works. These included activities that were accompanied by a propaganda campaign, which was highly critical of the work of the previous democratic government, and which praised the work of a new regime apparently able to resurge from the ruins and create a new Empire. However, it was an attitude with which they tried to hide the lack of financial, material and human resources to deal with the post-war which were accompanied by an autarkic policy initially against the growth of great urban areas like Bilbao. As a result the reforms that were undertaken did not correspond to a joint plan which would centralize train services or improve the transport of goods and people from the surrounding municipalities which constituted the metropolitan area of Bilbao. Instead of this, they limited themselves to constructing two new stations which, together with other public buildings, contributed to the definition of a new urban image pertaining to another era, equally new.