Summary - TST 18


TST 18

Guillermo García González
Actitudes y respuestas de las empresas ferroviarias españolas frente a la cuestión social

[Download the complete article in pdf format]

Key Words: Railways; Accidents at work; Labour relations; Social services and benefits; Business History.

[ Abstract ]

The imbalances arisen in the 19th century between the productive processes and the workers' life condition did not have any effective normative response in Spain until 1900. In this context, the preventive, protective and benefit actions which some companies voluntarily introduced in favour of their employees during the 19th century become relevant in order to compensate for the legislator's lack of action in relation to the so-called social question.
The paper analyses some of the specific measures provided by the Spanish railroad companies for their employees, and the way in which they were posed so as to mitigate the consequences generated for the workers in the new model of productive relations arisen as a result of the Industrial Revolution. Specifically, the research focuses on the actions carried out by the railway companies in relation to occupational health, accidents at work and retirement pensions. The study shows how the railroad companies were half a century ahead of the state's regulatory interventions in setting innovative occupational health policies and implementing pioneering protection systems.