Summary - TST 10


TST 10

Bruno Marnot
La genèse du concept dìntermodalité en France dans le transport des marchandises du début du XIXe siècle à 1934

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Key words: Complementarity; competition; inland waterways; railway companies.

[ Abstract ]

The freight intermodal transport in France knew a very difficult gestation, both as concept and practice. In the 1830s, the first thinkers of a network transportation guessed a balanced complementary link between waterway and railways at the scale of the national country. However, in the 1840s, the shaping of the network of railways and the formation of six big companies in the reign of Napoleon III led to a merciless competition between railways, which developed their hegemony, and inland navigation companies. From the 1920s, the deep crisis of the big railways companies opened the way for a possible emergence of a real intermodal transport policy in 1934.